Compound modifier in legal writing and research

English spelling retained many inflections that were not pronounced as syllablesnotably verb endings -est, -eth, -es, -ed and the noun ending -es, which marked either plurals or possessives also known as genitives ; see Possessive apostrophebelow. Applicants must be able to demonstrate strong research, writing, and analytical skills.

The longest word listed in her new dictionary was antidisestablish- mentarianism. The prosecutor argued that the defendant, who was at the scene of the crime, who had a strong revenge motive, and who had access to the murder weapon, was guilty of homicide.

Use a comma near the end of a sentence to separate contrasted coordinate elements or to indicate a distinct pause or shift. We laid out our music and snacks, and began to study. Don't put a comma between the two nouns, noun phrases, or noun clauses in a compound subject or compound object.

Click here for hyphen exercises to your browser to complete the exercise.

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In formal text, we would write "the Reverend Alan B. Absences due to illness or for other serious reasons may be excused at the discretion of the instructor.

Similarly, the hyphen in little-celebrated paintings clarifies that one is not speaking of little paintings. Having finished the test, he left the room. We do not use periods with state abbreviations: While I was eating, the cat scratched at the door.

She was born in B. If you answer yes to these questions, then the adjectives are coordinate and should be separated by a comma. The file descriptors are not available in subshells. If you list a "junior" with his spouse, the "Jr.

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If the placement of the modifier causes confusion, then it is not "free" and must remain "bound" to the word it modifies. Use commas to separate two or more coordinate adjectives that describe the same noun.

As this can lead to unexpected results, it is best to specify which other rule set should be used. He is dreaming that he can fly.

These variables are visible only to the function and the commands it invokes. See The Unicode Bug in perlunicode. In normal text, writers can safely ignore corporate aberrations in spacing and capitalization.

Special parameter 0 is unchanged. Tom, the captain of the team, was injured in the game.

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However, this behaviour is sometimes undesirable. Object—verbal-noun compounds[ edit ] When an object is compounded with a verbal noun, such as egg-beater a tool that beats eggsthe result is sometimes hyphenated.

Some writers like to reflect standard spoken practice in cases like these with sake: Professor Benson, grinning from ear to ear, announced that the exam would be tomorrow.

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Origin and history[ edit ] The first known documentation of the hyphen is in the grammatical works of Dionysius Thrax. Non-standard English use[ edit ] If you have a name that ends in "s," or if you will observe home-made signs selling tomatoes or chili-and-beans, you will quickly note what can be done with a possessive apostrophe in reckless hands.

More detail on each of the modifiers follows. Students may also be required to submit an electronic copy of their work via TurnItIn. I appreciate your hard work.

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The student explained her question, yet the instructor still didn't seem to understand. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. Until the 18th century, the apostrophe was extensively used to indicate subjective, "normal" plural, and its use for indicating plural "possessive" use was not standard before the middle of the 19th century.Candidates may develop their own research project in collaboration with their supervisor or apply for one of our available projects.

by Chelsea Lee. A hyphen is usually used in APA Style when two or more words modify a common noun (and that noun comes after the modifiers), for example, 7-point scale or client-centered multiple modifiers have a common base, the base can be omitted in all except the last modifier, but the hyphens should be retained.

What Are the Five Areas of Phonology That Make the English Language Difficult to Learn?

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Students, members of the community, and users worldwide will find information to assist with many writing projects. PubMed comprises more than 28 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books.

Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites. What is Bash? Bash is the shell, or command language interpreter, for the GNU operating system. The name is an acronym for the ‘Bourne-Again SHell’, a pun on Stephen Bourne, the author of the direct ancestor of the current Unix shell sh, which appeared in the Seventh Edition Bell Labs Research version of Unix.

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Compound modifier in legal writing and research
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